South America Travel
Topographically, South America splits into three sections: the mountain range, the low grounds of the interior, and the continental shield.  The mountain range of the Andes stands out for being the longest and young mountain range of the world, as well as the highest after the Himalayas. Being born in the oceanic depths, yergue from the south of Tierra del Fuego following a line parallel to the coast of the Pacific Ocean, to diversify in the north, being opened in two arms, one towards the isthmus of Panama and other bordering on the Caribbean coast. It happens for Argentina, Chile, Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia and Venezuela. His highest peak is the Aconcagua, with 6.962 msnm. Nevertheless, in Colombia, another end of the subcontinent, 5.300 is still possible to register major heights to msnm in the Sierra Nevada of the Coguinea pig, or in the Snow-capped mountain of Ruiz. Along his trip, it branches out in diverse branches or mountain ranges that shut up vales as the intermediate Depression and the Vale of the Cauca, in Colombia, and plateaus like the Andean Plateau, a plateau of approximately 3.000 msnm that covers a dry region between Bolivia, Peru, Argentina and Chile. The origin of the mountain range is the result of the subduction of the badge of Nazca under the South American badge at a speed near to 9 cm / year.
The low grounds usually qualify in three systems: the plains of the Orinoco, the flatness of the Amazon and the flatness Chacopampeana or of the Silver, formed by the sedimentation produced by the rivers that cross them and the deposit of particles produced by the soil blowing. They are also, small coastal flatness along the Pacific Ocean in Colombia, Ecuador and Peru and on the Atlantic Ocean in Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana and Brazil. The biggest depression of the subcontinent is to 105 m under the sea level in the Lagoon of the Coal, Argentina.
Voyage Amérique du Sud